Pediatric Neurology

Child neurologists combine the special expertise in diagnosing and treating disorders of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, muscles, nerves) with an understanding of medical disorders in childhood and the special needs of the child and his or her family and environment.

In many cases, we work as a team with pediatricians, primary care doctors, and therapists. In addition, child neurologists may work with other pediatric specialists to care for children who have more complex or serious medical issues, such as epilepsy, birth defects, or mental retardation. These are chronic conditions that require ongoing care and close follow-up throughout childhood and adolescence.

Child neurologists often diagnose, treat, and manage the following conditions:

  • Seizure disorders, including seizures in newborns, febrile convulsions, and epilepsy
  • Medical aspects of head injuries and brain tumors
  • Weakness, including cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and nervemuscle disorders
  • Headaches, including migraines
  • Behavioral disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), school failure, autism, and sleep problems
  • Developmental disorders, including delayed speech, motor milestones, and coordination issues
  • Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation)
  • Hydrocephalus